EVICTION MORATORIUM, RENT FREEZE, & OTHER COVID-19 INFO FOR SF TENANTS ONLY
San Francisco Mayor London Breed recently issued an updated rent payment and eviction moratorium that covers both non-payment of rent during the COVID-19 crisis and evictions, except for those due to violence, threats of violence and health and safety issues.
Note that the term “landlord” includes master tenants or any individual who has the right to recover possession of a residential unit.
Tenants who live with their landlords (lodgers) are covered under this order.
Nuisance evictions involving violence or threats of violence are the only evictions that can still proceed through the courts. This moratorium extends for 60 days after the mayor’s eviction moratorium order expires (June 30, 2020). That means the eviction moratorium is in effect until August 30. This could be extended. If you live in a city outside SF, check out Tenants Together’s CA tenant protections under COVID19, English Version & Spanish Version.
The order applies to all rent-controlled and other private market rental units (those built before and after 79, and single family homes, too), as well as units where the rent is controlled or regulated by the City, including privately held units regulated by the Mayor’s Office of Housing and Community Development or the Department of Homelessness and Supportive Housing. It does NOT apply to tourist hotels or a tourist unit of a residential hotel. However, a person cannot be removed from these tourist room if they are self isolating or quarantining during the crisis.
A landlord must attach form 1010 (click here to see it) to any eviction notice sent before the mayor’s order is terminated. It advises a tenant of his/her rights under the moratorium.
NON-PAYMENT OF RENT DUE TO COVID-19
If a tenant can’t pay the rent because of the financial impacts of the pandemic, he or she should notify their landlord in writing (letter, email or other written communication) within 30 days of the rent being due. This is not required under the mayor’s order, but we think it is a good idea to do this.
An explanation also can be sent with the letter. It’s not required. Third-party documentation is NOT necessary either, but tenants may provide, if they choose to and if available, documentation, such as a letter from their employer, proof of unemployment insurance claim filing, or other relevant documents. Tenants should, of course, hold onto any documentation they have in case they need it later on.
“Financial impacts” means a substantial loss of household income due to business closure, loss of compensable hours of work or wages, layoffs, or increased expenses related to COVID-19.
At this point (and this may change) back rent is not due until December 30, 2020.
The moratorium extends to payments due under existing stipulations/ payment plans for back rents, and any late fees, security deposit, interest or similar amounts that a landlord may be authorized to charge due to delayed or missed payments under the express terms of a lease. Landlords are not allowed to charge late fees or interest on missed rent payments due to the financial impacts of COVID-19.
A payment plan can be worked out between a landlord and tenant. It may waive portions of what the tenant owes, and may grant the tenant additional time to pay beyond the minimum requirements of the order. However, if the tenant fails to comply with a payment plan prior to the six-month deadline, it’s not a just cause to evict. Whether the parties agree or do not agree on a payment plan, the tenant still has six months to pay, which at this moment means December 30. They cannot waive that right.
A landlord shall apply payments according to when the rent is due. For example, if a tenant has missed an April rent payment, and then pays rent on May 1, that payment would be applied to the May rent, not the April rent.
The landlord shall not condition a payment plan on changes to lease terms. Which means a tenant does not need to sign a new lease or a change in lease document.
A landlord can temporarily accept partial payment or lower the rent, but after the crisis, it goes back to the amount it was before the crisis.
RENT FREEZE FOR RENT-CONTROLLED APTS.
A freeze on rent increases on rent-controlled units during the COVID-19 crisis is now in effect in SF. Rent increases that are not permitted between April 7, 2020 and June 23, 2020 (unless extended) include all annual, banked, operating and maintenance, and passthroughs allowed under section 37.3(a) of the rent ordinance (for example, capital improvement, general obligation bond, water revenue bond, seismic retrofit and soft story retrofit, and utility passthroughs).
Rent increases that are still allowed include: rent increases on apartments NOT under rent control, apartments under state price control (AB1482), Costa Hawkins increases, and rent increases under section 1.21 of the ordinance where the Rent Board has ruled that the master tenant is no longer in primary residence in the apartment.
During this rent freeze period, a landlord can issue a rent increase notice that affirms the tenant’s anniversary date. The tenant does not need to pay it. The landlord would then have to issue a proper rent increase notice after the crisis that reinstates the prior notice, but doesn’t change the anniversary date. The tenant would NOT be responsible for the rent during the months of the freeze.
A landlord could, however, decide not to reinstate the increase and take it the following year, along with the next year’s increase. For instance, if the rent increase is frozen in May of this year, the landlord sends a letter, but doesn’t reinstate it at the end of the crisis. Next May, he gives next year’s increase plus this year’s 1.8%.
If a tenant pays a rent increase that comes during the crisis, he or she should write the landlord requesting a refund. If there’s any question about the correct amount of the tenant’s rent, he or she can always file an unlawful rent increase petition with the Rent Board.
For units regulated by the Mayor’s Office of Housing or the Department of Homelessness and Supportive Housing, rents cannot be increased until one month after the June 30 order expires, meaning July 30.
The eviction moratorium applies to all people in SROs. An SRO tenant who has not gained tenancy yet (i.e., been in their room for 32 consecutive days to be under the protection of the rent ordinance) cannot be evicted or forced out for nonpayment because of the coronavirus or any other reason, except for nuisance involving violence or threats of violence. However, if they’re in their room for 22 days and they’re protected during the crisis, when it’s over, they are still at day 22 and must physically be in their room until the 32nd day to gain their rights.
All information below is excerpted from the Superior Court website (scroll down to real property and housing court): https://www.sfsuperiorcourt.org/general-info/Information-Regarding-Coronavirus-And-Court-Operations
Note: we do not give legal advise. If you receive a UD or eviction notice for nuisance involving violence, threats of violence, or health and safety issues, you should contact the Eviction Defense Collaborative (415-659-9184 or email firstname.lastname@example.org) or talk to a lawyer.
All actions in unlawful detainer cases, including trials, motions, discovery, and ex parte applications, with the exception of unlawful detainer (UD) cases resulting from violence, threats of violence, or health and safety issues, are currently stayed until June 19, 2020. If someone is served a UD now, the response won’t be due until 5 court days after June 19, but that shouldn’t happen, as the court should not be issuing UDs right now.
The hearing dates for all law and motion matters in unlawful detainer cases will be continued by the Court to a date after June 19, 2020, on a rolling basis.
All new motions filed in unlawful detainer cases will be assigned a hearing date on or after June 22, 2020.
Trials and Mandatory Settlement Conferences in unlawful detainer cases will be continued until June 19, on a rolling basis, with the exception of unlawful detainer cases resulting from violence, threats of violence, or health and safety issues. Jury trials in unlawful detainer cases resulting from violence, threats of violence, or health and safety issues may be continued for a week on a rolling basis based on availability of jurors.
The sheriff is not doing evictions right now. If you have a 5-day notice to vacate from the sheriff, it is stayed for the time being. The department website only says “until further notice.” More info will be posted, as it becomes available.
DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING INSPECTION
As of May 4, all construction work is allowed to resume, provided contractors are complying with the safety protocols (see Appendix B-1 and B-2 of the linked health order) the department has established.
Inspections are continuing (including building, plumbing, electrical and housing). Inspections can be requested through the department’s online scheduling portal. Link is here.
DBI inspectors are practicing social distancing measures when doing inspections.
During this emergency, rent gouging is not allowed under state law. Landlords cannot charge more than 10% what they were charging February 10, even in non-rent controlled apartments. If your landlord tries to raise the rent above 10%, you should write him or her. It’s a criminal offense under Penal Code Section 396.
To reach RADCO for possible rental assistance, (415) 470-5211 or email EDCRADCo@evictiondefense.org Leave your name, phone number, address and reason for your call.
UTILITIES: WATER DEPT.
(This is from the SF Water Department website): During these difficult times, SFPUC (SF Public Utilities Commission) will not shut off water or power services due to late payments. SFPUC is also postponing liens and collections during this time. If you are having financial difficulties and need to enter into a payment plan, please email them at email@example.com or call them at (415) 551-3000.
Pacific Gas and Electric Company announced that due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it has voluntarily implemented a moratorium on service disconnections for non-payment, effective immediately. This suspension will apply to both residential and commercial customers and will remain in effect until further notice. To further support customers who may be impacted by the pandemic, PG&E will offer a payment plan to customers who indicate either an impact or hardship as a result of COVID-19. For customer service, call 1-800-743-5000.
Call our office at 415-703-8634 for more info, or if you have any other questions, and someone will get back to you Monday through Thursday, 1-5pm. The office is closed, but counselors are working from home. If you live in the Richmond area, you can call Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, 9am-12noon, 415-947-9085 for counseling.
This page updated on May 20, 2020.